Matchweed is a perennial broadleaf weed that is also known as Phyla nodiflora, Mat Lippia, Match-head, Capeweed and Turkey-tangle. Its scientific name is Lippia nodiflora.
Matchweed is a mat-forming broadleaf weed with hairy, lateral stems that are freely branched and rooting at the nodes. Its leaves grow opposite and feature small teeth at the outer tip. Blooming from May through October, Matchweed features flowers that are rose-purple or white in color. They form in a head at the tip of a long stalk, resembling the head of a match (hence the name Matchweed). Reproduction occurs by seeds and stolons.
Occurring in low moist areas in open woods and turf, this broadleaf weed also prefers open sandy areas and can be found on stream banks and pond margins. Matchweed thrives throughout much of the United States, except in the northernmost states.
Due to its growth and reproduction habits, cultural weed control methods such as proper mowing are not the best way to handle Lippia nodiflora in your lawn or garden. Matchweed can root at the nodes, allowing it to spread quickly throughout high-traffic areas. Professionally selected and applied broadleaf weed killers—based on your specific climate and geography—are the most effective method for control.